What is Embark?

Aussie

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See what’s hidden in the pages of Aussie’s DNA story. You can learn about the breeds that make Aussie who he is, his genetic family tree, and even go back in time to see where his ancestors came from.

“An adorable, mischievous furball of fun. Adopted from MSPCA in Boston who told us he is a bichon-poodle, it turns out he’s actually a schnoodle!”

Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 0.8 % LOW Help
Predicted Adult Weight: 18 lbs Help
Genetic Age: 38 human years Help

Embark family

Explore other Embark dogs that have one or more breed percentages that are similar to Aussie

Breed Mix By Chromosome

Our advanced test identifies from where Aussie inherited every part of the chromosome pairs in his genome. Each chromosome section is colored to represent the breed that it comes from.

Family tree

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Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Aussie’s family.

Breed Families

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Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Aussie.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Aussie’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Aussie’s family has traveled.

Paternal Line

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The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Aussie’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Aussie’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Aussie find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit
Explore by tapping your dog’s parents and grand parents.

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Aussie’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Aussie.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Aussie’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Aussie’s family has traveled.

Paternal Line

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Aussie’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Aussie’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Aussie find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit
DNA shows us the unique path to each of today’s recognized breeds by exposing the relatedness between them.
Poodle (Small)
4 related breeds
Poodle (Small)
A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.
Related Breeds
Poodle (Standard)
Sibling breed
Maltese
Cousin breed
Havanese
Cousin breed
Bichon Frise
Cousin breed

Some images and text courtesy of the AKC, used with permission.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Aussie’s family.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Aussie’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Aussie’s family has traveled.

Paternal Line

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Aussie’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Aussie’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Aussie find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit

Through Aussie’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A373

A1e

Aussie’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A373

Aussie’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1e haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in village dogs in Costa Rica.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplogroup:

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Aussie’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Aussie.

Paternal Line

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Aussie’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Aussie’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Aussie find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit

Through Aussie’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1

Haplotype

Ha.1

A1

Aussie’s Haplogroup

A1 is the male lineage in several breeds that aren't very closely related to each other. Gordon Setters, Newfoundlands, and Miniature Schnauzers all had male founders from this paternal line, and now many males in those breeds carry their Y chromosome. Each of these breeds started in the past 200-300 years, and their founders must have included dogs that trace back to the same male ancestors deeper in dog evolutionary time, stretching all the way back to when dogs were first domesticated in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Unlike many Y chromosome (male) lineages found in European and recent American breeds, only one village dog (in Alaska) carries an A1 Y chromosome, indicating that the breeds from this lineage probably didn't travel around the world with European colonization as much as some other breeds.

Ha.1

Aussie’s Haplotype

The lone member of the A1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs in Newfoundlands, Miniature Schnauzers, Gordon Setters, and village dogs in Alaska.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The Newfoundland is from the A1 paternal line.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Aussie’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Aussie.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Aussie’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Aussie’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Aussie’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Aussie find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit
 

Traits report  BETA

Coat Color

A number of genetic loci are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Color genotype:

E Locus (Mask/Grizzle/Red)
EE or Ee or ee
Chromosome 5

Controls the characteristic melanistic mask seen in the German Shepherd and Pug as well as the grizzled "widow's peak" of the Afghan and Borzoi. Melanistic mask (Em) is dominant to grizzle (Eg) which is dominant to black (E) and red (e). Dogs that are EE or Ee are able to produce normal black pigment, but its distribution will be dependent on the genotypes at the K and A Loci. Dogs that are ee will be a shade of red or cream regardless of their genotype at K and A. The shade of red, which can range from a deep copper like the Irish Setter to the near-white of some Golden Retrievers, is dependent on other genetic factors including the Intensity (I) Locus, which has yet to be genetically mapped.

Want to help us map I Locus? If you haven't already, complete your ee pup's Embark profile with a photo! Remember, a picture is worth a thousand words!

Citations: Schmutz et al 2003 , Dreger and Schmutz 2010 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/masks.html

K Locus (Dominant Black)
kyky
Chromosome 16

Causes a dominant black coat. Dogs with a dominant KB allele have black coats regardless of their genotype at the A locus; the coat color of dogs homozygous for the recessive ky allele are controlled by A locus. Alleles: KB > ky

Citations: Candille et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/black.htm

A Locus (Agouti)
aya or ayat
Chromosome 24

Determines whether hair pigment is produced in a banded red and black pattern or solid black. Fawn or sable (ay) is dominant to wolf sable (aw) which is dominant to black-and-tan (at), which is in turn dominant to recessive black (a).

Citations: Berryere et al 2005 , Dreger and Schmutz 2011 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/tan.html

D Locus (Dilute)
DD
Chromosome 25

Lightens a black coat to blue and a red coat to buff. A dilute phenotype requires two copies of the recessive d allele.

Citations: Drogemuller et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/dilutes.html

B Locus (Brown/Chocolate/Liver)
Bb
Chromosome 11

Lightens a black coat to brown, chocolate or liver. The brown phenotype requires two copies of the recessive b allele. Red or cream dogs that carry two b alleles remain red or cream but have brown noses and footpads.

Citations: Schmutz et al 2002

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/liver.html

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genetic loci explain the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

For more information on the genetics of coat types you can refer to https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Traits genotype:

Long Haircoat (FGF5)
TT
Chromosome 32

Confers a long, silky haircoat as observed in the Yorkshire Terrier and the Long Haired Whippet. The "T" allele is associated with longer hair.

Citations: Housley & Venta 2006 , Cadieu et al 2010

Shedding (MC5R)
CT
Chromosome 1

Affects shedding propensity in non-wire-haired dogs. Dogs with the ancestral C allele, like many Labradors and German Shepherd Dogs, are heavy or seasonal shedders, while those with one or more T allele, including many Boxers, Shih Tzus and Chihuahuas, tend to be low shedders. Dogs with furnished/wire-haired coats tend to be low shedders regardless of their MC5R genotype.

Citations: Hayward et al 2016

Curly Coat (KRT71)
CT
Chromosome 27

Causes the curly coat characteristic of Poodles and Bichons Frises. Dogs need at least one copy of the "T" allele to have a curly coat.

Citations: Cadieu et al 2010

Other Body Features

Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Chromosome 32

Affects skull size and shape. Many brachycephalic or "smushed face” breeds such as the English Bulldog, Pug, and Pekingese have two copies of the derived A allele. Mesocephalic (Staffordshire Terrier, Labrador) and dolichocephalic (Whippet, Collie) dogs have one, or more commonly two, copies of the ancestral C allele. At least five different genes affect snout length in dogs, with BMP3 being the only one with a known causal mutation. For example, the skull shape of some breeds, including the dolichocephalic Scottish Terrier or the brachycephalic Japanese Chin, appear to be caused by other genes.

Citations: Schoenbeck et al 2012

Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Chromosome 16

Common in certain breeds, hind dewclaws are extra, nonfunctional digits located midway between your dog's paw and hock. Dogs with at least one copy of the T allele have about a 50% of chance of having hind dewclaws.

Citations: Park et al 2008

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Some other Embark dogs with this Body Size genotype:

Body Size - IGF1
II
Chromosome 15

The "I" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Sutter et al 2007

Body Size - IGF1R
GG
Chromosome 3

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Hoopes et al 2012

Body Size - STC2
TA
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Body Size - GHR (E195K)
GG
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Body Size - GHR (P177L)
CC
Chromosome 4

The "T" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG
Chromosome 10

Confers hypoxia tolerance. Dogs with at least one A allele are more tolerant of high altitude environments. This mutation was originally identified in breeds from high altitude areas such as the Tibetan Mastiff.

Citations: Gou et al 2014

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Aussie’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Aussie.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Aussie’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Aussie’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Aussie’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Aussie find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit

Summary

0
AT RISK
0
CARRIER
158
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical traits

These genetic traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Low Normal
Known to be highly expressed in liver cells, activity levels of alanine aminotransferase, or ALT, is a common value on most blood chemistry panels and is known to be a se…
Aussie has one copy of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Aussie has t…

Not At Risk

Good news! Aussie did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for. Read on to learn more about the conditions we test for, but rest assured that Aussie does not have the mutations known to cause them.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Aussie’s diagnosis and treatment if he gets sick in the future. Many other diseases caused by environmental factors or undiscovered genetic variants can cause symptoms similar to diseases we test for. By ruling out these mutations, your veterinarian will be able to find the true cause more quickly. Your veterinarian will also know they can safely prescribe medications some dogs are sensitive to.

Not A Carrier

Good news! Aussie is not a carrier for any of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Common conditions

Good news! Aussie tested clear for 9 genetic conditions that are common in his breed mix.
Condition List

Multidrug Sensitivity
(MDR1)
Clinical

Sensitivity to certain classes of drugs, notably the parasiticide ivermectin, as well as certain gastroprotectant and anti-cancer medications, occurs in dogs with mutatio…

Seen in Miniature Schnauzers, but not Aussie.

Von Willebrand Disease Type II
(VWF Exon 28)
Blood

Coagulopathies represent a broad category of diseases that affect blood clotting, which can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies a…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Aussie.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, nonpainful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are th…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Aussie.

Gangliosidosis
GM2 Gangliosidosis (HEXB Exon 3)
Multisystem

An early onset form of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause affected dogs to display neurologic signs as puppies or young adults. These include partial or total visi…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Aussie.

Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome
(AMHR2)
Other Systems

A developmental syndrome of the Miniature and Standard Schnauzers, this causes male dogs to develop parts of the female reproductive tract, which understandably can cause…

Seen in Miniature Schnauzers, but not Aussie.

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, Miniature Schnauzers, but not Aussie.

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures (NEWS)
(ATF2)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A neurologic disease of puppies, affected puppies are often smaller than their unaffected littermates and require intensive nursing care. Without this extra support, pupp…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Aussie.

Myotonia Congenita
(CLCN1 Exon 7)
Muscular

This condition is characterized by prolonged muscle contraction and stiffness that usually resolves with normal exercise, though physical therapy can be beneficial. The g…

Seen in Miniature Schnauzers, but not Aussie.

Osteochondrodysplasia, Skeletal Dwarfism
(SLC13A1)
Skeletal

A form of skeletal dwarfism, this causes affected dogs to have abnormally short legs but a normally sized body due to abnormal fetal skeletal maturation. As a fetus, most…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Aussie.

Other Conditions: Clear of 149

Aussie is clear of 149 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Aussie’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Aussie.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Aussie’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Aussie’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Aussie’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Aussie find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit