What is Embark?

Grace

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See what’s hidden in the pages of Grace’s DNA story. You can learn about the breeds that make Grace who she is, her genetic family tree, and even go back in time to see where her ancestors came from.

Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 1.7 % HIGH Help
Predicted Adult Weight: 30 lbs Help
Genetic Age: 33 human years Help

Embark family

Explore other Embark dogs that have one or more breed percentages that are similar to Grace

Breed Mix By Chromosome

Our advanced test identifies from where Grace inherited every part of the chromosome pairs in her genome.

Family tree

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Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Grace’s family.

Breed Families

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Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Grace.

Maternal Line

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Through the DNA inherited from Grace’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Grace’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Grace’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

Contact us

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Grace find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

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Large screen pedigre From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Australian Cattle Dog mix Mixed Australian Cattle Dog American Bulldog / Cocker Spaniel mix Chihuahua mix Miniature Pinscher / Pomeranian mix Australian Cattle Dog Australian Cattle Dog American Bulldog Cocker Spaniel Chihuahua Chihuahua mix Miniature Pinscher Pomeranian mix
Explore by tapping your dog’s parents and grand parents.

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Grace’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Grace.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Grace’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Grace’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Grace’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

Contact us

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Grace find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit
DNA shows us the unique path to each of today’s recognized breeds by exposing the relatedness between them.
Australian Cattle Dog
6 related breeds
Australian Cattle Dog
A classic cattle dog, Australian Cattle Dogs were developed from a mixture of breeds in Australia in the 19th century, and still maintain their energetic herding instincts today.
Related Breeds
Border Collie
Sibling breed
Koolie
Sibling breed
Australian Kelpie
Sibling breed
Collie
Cousin breed
Shetland Sheepdog
Cousin breed
Bearded Collie
Cousin breed
Chihuahua
3 related breeds
Chihuahua
Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.
Related Breeds
American Village Dog
Cousin breed
Pekingese
Cousin breed
Chinese Crested
Cousin breed
Miniature Pinscher
1 related breed
Miniature Pinscher
The Miniature Pinscher is a small breed of dog originating from Germany. The breed's earliest ancestors may have included the German Pinscher mixed with Italian greyhounds and dachshunds.
Related Breeds
German Pinscher
Sibling breed
Pomeranian
1 related breed
Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.
Related Breeds
American Eskimo Dog
Cousin breed
American Bulldog
4 related breeds
American Bulldog
American bulldogs are enjoying a healthy increase in popularity, either as a working/protector dog or as a family pet. All over the world, they are used variously as "hog dogs" (catching escaped pigs or hunting razorbacks), as cattle drovers and as working or sport K-9s. American Bulldogs also successfully compete in several dog sports such as dog obedience, Iron Dog competition and weight pulling.
Related Breeds
English Bulldog
Sibling breed
French Bulldog
Sibling breed
Boxer
Cousin breed
Bull Terrier
Cousin breed
Cocker Spaniel
4 related breeds
Cocker Spaniel
Cocker Spaniels are handsome and intelligent hunting dogs that are also well suited to life as a loving family pet.
Related Breeds
English Cocker Spaniel
Sibling breed
Sussex Spaniel
Cousin breed
English Springer Spaniel
Cousin breed
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Cousin breed

Some images and text courtesy of the AKC, used with permission.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Grace’s family.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Grace’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Grace’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Grace’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

Contact us

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Grace find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit

Through Grace’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B1/13

B1

Grace’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B1/13

Grace’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this common haplotype occurs in Shih Tzus, Tibetan Spaniels, Maltese, and village dogs throughout the world including Central and South America, South Asia, and the South Pacific.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Grace’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Grace.

Let us know and we will contact Grace’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

Contact us

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Grace find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit
 

Traits report  BETA

Coat Color

A number of genetic loci are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Color genotype:

E Locus (Mask/Grizzle/Red)
EE or Ee or ee
Chromosome 5

Controls the characteristic melanistic mask seen in the German Shepherd and Pug as well as the grizzled "widow's peak" of the Afghan and Borzoi. Melanistic mask (Em) is dominant to grizzle (Eg) which is dominant to black (E) and red (e). Dogs that are EE or Ee are able to produce normal black pigment, but its distribution will be dependent on the genotypes at the K and A Loci. Dogs that are ee will be a shade of red or cream regardless of their genotype at K and A. The shade of red, which can range from a deep copper like the Irish Setter to the near-white of some Golden Retrievers, is dependent on other genetic factors including the Intensity (I) Locus, which has yet to be genetically mapped.

Want to help us map I Locus? If you haven't already, complete your ee pup's Embark profile with a photo! Remember, a picture is worth a thousand words!

Citations: Schmutz et al 2003 , Dreger and Schmutz 2010 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/masks.html

K Locus (Dominant Black)
kyky
Chromosome 16

Causes a dominant black coat. Dogs with a dominant KB allele have black coats regardless of their genotype at the A locus; the coat color of dogs homozygous for the recessive ky allele are controlled by A locus. Alleles: KB > ky

Citations: Candille et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/black.htm

A Locus (Agouti)
aa or ata or atat
Chromosome 24

Determines whether hair pigment is produced in a banded red and black pattern or solid black. Fawn or sable (ay) is dominant to wolf sable (aw) which is dominant to black-and-tan (at), which is in turn dominant to recessive black (a).

Citations: Berryere et al 2005 , Dreger and Schmutz 2011 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/tan.html

D Locus (Dilute)
DD
Chromosome 25

Lightens a black coat to blue and a red coat to buff. A dilute phenotype requires two copies of the recessive d allele.

Citations: Drogemuller et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/dilutes.html

B Locus (Brown/Chocolate/Liver)
Bb
Chromosome 11

Lightens a black coat to brown, chocolate or liver. The brown phenotype requires two copies of the recessive b allele. Red or cream dogs that carry two b alleles remain red or cream but have brown noses and footpads.

Citations: Schmutz et al 2002

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/liver.html

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genetic loci explain the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

For more information on the genetics of coat types you can refer to https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Traits genotype:

Long Haircoat (FGF5)
GG
Chromosome 32

Confers a long, silky haircoat as observed in the Yorkshire Terrier and the Long Haired Whippet. The "T" allele is associated with longer hair.

Citations: Housley & Venta 2006 , Cadieu et al 2010

Shedding (MC5R)
CT
Chromosome 1

Affects shedding propensity in non-wire-haired dogs. Dogs with the ancestral C allele, like many Labradors and German Shepherd Dogs, are heavy or seasonal shedders, while those with one or more T allele, including many Boxers, Shih Tzus and Chihuahuas, tend to be low shedders. Dogs with furnished/wire-haired coats tend to be low shedders regardless of their MC5R genotype.

Citations: Hayward et al 2016

Curly Coat (KRT71)
CC
Chromosome 27

Causes the curly coat characteristic of Poodles and Bichons Frises. Dogs need at least one copy of the "T" allele to have a curly coat.

Citations: Cadieu et al 2010

Other Body Features

Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Chromosome 32

Affects skull size and shape. Many brachycephalic or "smushed face” breeds such as the English Bulldog, Pug, and Pekingese have two copies of the derived A allele. Mesocephalic (Staffordshire Terrier, Labrador) and dolichocephalic (Whippet, Collie) dogs have one, or more commonly two, copies of the ancestral C allele. At least five different genes affect snout length in dogs, with BMP3 being the only one with a known causal mutation. For example, the skull shape of some breeds, including the dolichocephalic Scottish Terrier or the brachycephalic Japanese Chin, appear to be caused by other genes.

Citations: Schoenbeck et al 2012

Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Chromosome 16

Common in certain breeds, hind dewclaws are extra, nonfunctional digits located midway between your dog's paw and hock. Dogs with at least one copy of the T allele have about a 50% of chance of having hind dewclaws.

Citations: Park et al 2008

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Some other Embark dogs with this Body Size genotype:

IGF1
II
Chromosome 15

The "I" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Sutter et al 2007

IGF1R
GG
Chromosome 3

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Hoopes et al 2012

STC2
TA
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

GHR (E195K)
GA
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

GHR (P177L)
CC
Chromosome 4

The "T" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG
Chromosome 10

Confers hypoxia tolerance. Dogs with at least one A allele are more tolerant of high altitude environments. This mutation was originally identified in breeds from high altitude areas such as the Tibetan Mastiff.

Citations: Gou et al 2014

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Grace’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Grace.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Grace’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Grace’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Grace’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

Contact us

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Grace find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit