What is Embark?

Hero

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See what’s hidden in the pages of Hero’s DNA story. You can learn about the breeds that make Hero who he is, his genetic family tree, and even go back in time to see where his ancestors came from.

Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 2.5 % HIGH Help
Predicted Adult Weight: 31 lbs Help
Genetic Age: Add birth date Help

Embark family

Explore other Embark dogs that have one or more breed percentages that are similar to Hero

Breed Mix By Chromosome

Our advanced test identifies from where Hero inherited every part of the chromosome pairs in his genome.

Family tree

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Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Hero’s family.

Breed Families

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Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Hero.

Maternal Line

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Through the DNA inherited from Hero’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Hero’s family has traveled.

Paternal Line

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The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Hero’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Hero’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

Contact us

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Hero find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Hero.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Hero’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Hero’s family has traveled.

Paternal Line

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Hero’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Hero’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

Contact us

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Hero find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit
DNA shows us the unique path to each of today’s recognized breeds by exposing the relatedness between them.
Shiba Inu
3 related breeds
Shiba Inu
The Shiba Inu is the smallest ancient Japanese hunting breed. Saved from the brink of extinction after WWII, cute photos on the internet have popularized this proud breed.
Related Breeds
Akita
Sibling breed
Chinese Shar-Pei
Cousin breed
Chow Chow
Cousin breed

Some images and text courtesy of the AKC, used with permission.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Hero’s family.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Hero’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Hero’s family has traveled.

Paternal Line

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Hero’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Hero’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

Contact us

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Hero find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit

Through Hero’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

A18/19/20/21/27/36/94/109

A1b

Hero’s Haplogroup

This female lineage was very likely one of the original lineages in the wolves that were first domesticated into dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Since then, the lineage has been very successful and travelled the globe! Dogs from this group are found in ancient Bronze Age fossils in the Middle East and southern Europe. By the end of the Bronze Age, it became exceedingly common in Europe. These dogs later became many of the dogs that started some of today's most popular breeds, like German Shepherds, Pugs, Whippets, English Sheepdogs and Miniature Schnauzers. During the period of European colonization, the lineage became even more widespread as European dogs followed their owners to far-flung places like South America and Oceania. It's now found in many popular breeds as well as village dogs across the world!

A18/19/20/21/27/36/94/109

Hero’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1b haplogroup, we see this haplotype in village dogs in over 25 countries across the world. We have detected this haplotype in lots of breeds, and it occurs most commonly in German Shepherd Dogs, Maltese, English Springer Spaniels, and English Setters.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A1b is the most common haplogroup found in German Shepherds.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Hero’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Hero.

Paternal Line

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Hero’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Hero’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

Contact us

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Hero find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit

Through Hero’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C

Haplotype

H5b

C

Hero’s Haplogroup

C is a relatively rare paternal lineage. The dog populations which bear C are a disparate bunch. The Akita and Shiba Inu are Japanese breeds, the former of which seems to have roots in the Jomon population of hunter-gatherers which were present in the islands of Japan before the ancestors of the modern Japanese arrived. The New Guinea Singing Dog, Samoyed, and Alaska Malamute are all disparate breeds that also represent the C lineage. One village dog from Peru also bore this lineage. This wide distribution and diversity suggest C is not a recently expanded lineage. It likely represents a canid lineage which diversified sometime around the Last Glacial Maximum, when the dogs of Siberia and Oceania split off and went their separate ways.

H5b

Hero’s Haplotype

Part of the C haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Shiba Inus.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The Shiba Inu descends from this relativey rare haplogroup.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Hero’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Hero.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Hero’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Hero’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Hero’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

Contact us

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Hero find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit
 

Traits report  BETA

Coat Color

A number of genetic loci are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Color genotype:

E Locus (Mask/Grizzle/Red)
EE or Ee or ee
Chromosome 5

Controls the characteristic melanistic mask seen in the German Shepherd and Pug as well as the grizzled "widow's peak" of the Afghan and Borzoi. Melanistic mask (Em) is dominant to grizzle (Eg) which is dominant to black (E) and red (e).

Citations: Schmutz et al 2003 , Dreger and Schmutz 2010 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/masks.html

K Locus (Dominant Black)
kyky
Chromosome 16

Causes a dominant black coat. Dogs with a dominant KB allele have black coats regardless of their genotype at the A locus; the coat color of dogs homozygous for the recessive ky allele are controlled by A locus. Alleles: KB > ky

Citations: Candille et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/black.htm

A Locus (Agouti)
aya or ayat
Chromosome 24

Determines whether hair pigment is produced in a banded red and black pattern or solid black. Fawn or sable (ay) is dominant to wolf sable (aw) which is dominant to black-and-tan (at), which is in turn dominant to recessive black (a).

Citations: Berryere et al 2005 , Dreger and Schmutz 2011 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/tan.html

D Locus (Dilute)
DD
Chromosome 25

Lightens a black coat to blue and a red coat to buff. A dilute phenotype requires two copies of the recessive d allele.

Citations: Drogemuller et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/dilutes.html

B Locus (Brown/Chocolate/Liver)
BB
Chromosome 11

Lightens a black coat to brown, chocolate or liver. The brown phenotype requires two copies of the recessive b allele. Red or cream dogs that carry two b alleles remain red or cream but have brown noses and footpads.

Citations: Schmutz et al 2002

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/liver.html

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genetic loci explain the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

For more information on the genetics of coat types you can refer to https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Traits genotype:

Long Haircoat (FGF5)
GG
Chromosome 32

Confers a long, silky haircoat as observed in the Yorkshire Terrier and the Long Haired Whippet. The "T" allele is associated with longer hair.

Citations: Housley & Venta 2006 , Cadieu et al 2010

Shedding (MC5R)
CC
Chromosome 1

Affects shedding propensity in non-wire-haired dogs. Dogs with the ancestral C allele, like many Labradors and German Shepherd Dogs, are heavy or seasonal shedders, while those with one or more T allele, including many Boxers, Shih Tzus and Chihuahuas, tend to be low shedders. Dogs with furnished/wire-haired coats tend to be low shedders regardless of their MC5R genotype.

Citations: Hayward et al 2016

Curly Coat (KRT71)
CC
Chromosome 27

Causes the curly coat characteristic of Poodles and Bichons Frises. Dogs need at least one copy of the "T" allele to have a curly coat.

Citations: Cadieu et al 2010

Other Body Features

Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Chromosome 32

Affects skull size and shape. Many brachycephalic or "smushed face” breeds such as the English Bulldog, Pug, and Pekingese have two copies of the derived A allele. Mesocephalic (Staffordshire Terrier, Labrador) and dolichocephalic (Whippet, Collie) dogs have one, or more commonly two, copies of the ancestral C allele. At least five different genes affect snout length in dogs, with BMP3 being the only one with a known causal mutation. For example, the skull shape of some breeds, including the dolichocephalic Scottish Terrier or the brachycephalic Japanese Chin, appear to be caused by other genes.

Citations: Schoenbeck et al 2012

Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Chromosome 16

Common in certain breeds, hind dewclaws are extra, nonfunctional digits located midway between your dog's paw and hock. Dogs with at least one copy of the T allele have about a 50% of chance of having hind dewclaws.

Citations: Park et al 2008

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Some other Embark dogs with this Body Size genotype:

IGF1
II
Chromosome 15

The "I" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Sutter et al 2007

IGF1R
GG
Chromosome 3

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Hoopes et al 2012

STC2
TA
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

GHR (E195K)
GA
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

GHR (P177L)
CC
Chromosome 4

The "T" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG
Chromosome 10

Confers hypoxia tolerance. Dogs with at least one A allele are more tolerant of high altitude environments. This mutation was originally identified in breeds from high altitude areas such as the Tibetan Mastiff.

Citations: Gou et al 2014

Genetic Diversity

Inbreeding is a meaure of how closely related your dog’s parents were. The higher the inbreeding coefficient, the more closely related the parents. In general, higher inbreeding coefficients are associated with increased incidence of genetically inherited conditions.

Diversity of the maternal and paternal haplotypes in the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) region of the genome has been found in some studies to be associated with the incidence of certain autoimmune diseases. Dogs that have less diversity in the MHC region haplotypes—i.e. the Dog Leukocyte Antigen (DLA) inherited from the mother is similar to the DLA inherited from the father—are considered less immunologically diverse. A High Diversity result means the dog has two highly dissimilar haplotypes. A Low Diversity result means the dog has two similar but not identical haplotypes. A No Diversity result means the dog has inherited identical haplotypes from both parents.

Inbreeding Coefficient
19%

Measures the proportion of the genome where the genes on the mother’s side are identical by descent to those on the father’s side.

This chart shows how common various inbreeding levels are in different groups of dogs. At the left are dogs with 0% inbreeding, i.e. completely outbred. As you look right, the amount of inbreeding increases. The height of the line shows how many dogs have that amount of inbreeding. The arrow shows where Hero fits into this picture.
MHC Class II - DLA DRB1
No Diversity
Chromosome 12

A Dog Leukocyte Antigen (DLA) gene, DRB1 encodes a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) protein involved in the immune response. Some studies have shown associations between certain DRB1 haplotypes and autoimmune diseases such as Cushing's disease, but these findings have yet to be scientifically validated.

How common is this amount of diversity in purebreds?

Citations: Angles et al 2005

MHC Class II - DLA DQA1 and DQB1
No Diversity
Chromosome 12

DQA1 and DQB1 are two tightly linked DLA genes that code for MHC proteins involved in the immune response. A number of studies have shown correlations of DQA-DQB1 haplotypes and certain autoimmune diseases; however, these have not yet been scientifically validated.

How common is this amount of diversity in purebreds?

Citations: Angles et al 2005

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Hero’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Hero.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Hero’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Hero’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Hero’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

Contact us

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Hero find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit