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Jelly Bean

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See what’s hidden in the pages of Jelly Bean’s DNA story. You can learn about the breeds that make Jelly Bean who she is, her genetic family tree, and even go back in time to see where her ancestors came from.

“In her spare time, Jelly Bean enjoys free running (aka parkour) over park benches, other dogs, and assorted shrubbery. She's so friendly that at the dog park, she'll go home with any one. She is affectionately known as "the Jumping Bean", "Beanarino", "Miss Bean", "Jelly", "JB", and "flor delicada"”

Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 0.3 % LOW Help
Predicted Adult Weight: 69 lbs Help
Genetic Age: 36 human years Help

Embark family

Explore other Embark dogs that have one or more breed percentages that are similar to Jelly Bean

Breed Mix By Chromosome

Our advanced test identifies from where Jelly Bean inherited every part of the chromosome pairs in her genome. Each chromosome section is colored to represent the breed that it comes from.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Jelly Bean’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Jelly Bean.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Jelly Bean’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Jelly Bean’s family has traveled.

Paternal Line

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Jelly Bean’s DNA includes a story of where her father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Jelly Bean’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Jelly Bean find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit
Explore by tapping your dog’s parents and grand parents.

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Jelly Bean’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Jelly Bean.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Jelly Bean’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Jelly Bean’s family has traveled.

Paternal Line

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Jelly Bean’s DNA includes a story of where her father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Jelly Bean’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Jelly Bean find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit
DNA shows us the unique path to each of today’s recognized breeds by exposing the relatedness between them.
Staffordshire Terrier
6 related breeds
Staffordshire Terrier
Staffordshire Terriers, sometimes referred to as "pit bull" type, are intelligent and trainable dogs, but unfortunately can be labelled as an aggressive breed group.
Related Breeds
American Bulldog
Sibling breed
Bulldog
Sibling breed
Bull Terrier
Sibling breed
Boston Terrier
Cousin breed
Boxer
Cousin breed
French Bulldog
Cousin breed
Chow Chow
3 related breeds
Chow Chow
This distinctive-looking dog breed has a proud, independent spirit that some describe as catlike. He can be aloof — if you’re looking for a cuddle buddy, this probably isn’t the best breed for you — and downright suspicious of strangers. But for the right person, he’s a fiercely loyal companion.
Related Breeds
Shiba Inu
Cousin breed
Chinese Shar-Pei
Cousin breed
Akita
Cousin breed
Doberman Pinscher
3 related breeds
Doberman Pinscher
Doberman Pinscher’s are a strong and athletic breed that are built to guard and protect.
Related Breeds
Standard Schnauzer
Sibling breed
Giant Schnauzer
Sibling breed
Miniature Schnauzer
Sibling breed

Some images and text courtesy of the AKC, used with permission.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Jelly Bean’s family.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Jelly Bean’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Jelly Bean’s family has traveled.

Paternal Line

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Jelly Bean’s DNA includes a story of where her father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Jelly Bean’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Jelly Bean find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit

Through Jelly Bean’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C2

Haplotype

C3/14

C2

Jelly Bean’s Haplogroup

C2 is a very old female lineage found more commonly among English Setters, English Bulldogs, and American Eskimo Dogs. We also see C2 in village dogs in South Asia. Rather than having a few characteristic breeds representing this lineage particularly well, it is present in a few uncommon individuals of many different breeds. Unlike some European breed lineages that have seen skyrocketing popularity along the path to the modern dogs we see today, C2 tends to reflect the deep history of man's best friend.

C3/14

Jelly Bean’s Haplotype

Part of the C2 haplogroup, this common haplotype occurs most often in English Setters, Cairn Terriers, Labrador Retrievers, and village dogs in Peru, Fiji, and across Africa.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

You can often find his haplogroup in the lovable English Bulldog.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Jelly Bean’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Jelly Bean.

Paternal Line

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Jelly Bean’s DNA includes a story of where her father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Jelly Bean’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Jelly Bean find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit

There are no deep ancestral lineage results for Jelly Bean on her father’s side.

Unlike recent ancestry ("What breeds are in my dog?"), the deep ancestral lineage traces the migration of a dog’s male relatives back in time to the very dawn of dogs.

Male ancestral lineage is passed down father-to-son on the Y sex chromosome. Since female dogs receive two X sex chromosomes and no Y chromosome, their male heritage line is not visible as they have no Y chromosome.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Jelly Bean’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Jelly Bean.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Jelly Bean’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Jelly Bean’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Jelly Bean’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Jelly Bean find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit
 

Traits report  BETA

Coat Color

A number of genetic loci are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Color genotype:

E Locus (Mask/Grizzle/Red)
EE or Ee or ee
Chromosome 5

Controls the characteristic melanistic mask seen in the German Shepherd and Pug as well as the grizzled "widow's peak" of the Afghan and Borzoi. Melanistic mask (Em) is dominant to grizzle (Eg) which is dominant to black (E) and red (e). Dogs that are EE or Ee are able to produce normal black pigment, but its distribution will be dependent on the genotypes at the K and A Loci. Dogs that are ee will be a shade of red or cream regardless of their genotype at K and A. The shade of red, which can range from a deep copper like the Irish Setter to the near-white of some Golden Retrievers, is dependent on other genetic factors including the Intensity (I) Locus, which has yet to be genetically mapped.

Want to help us map I Locus? If you haven't already, complete your ee pup's Embark profile with a photo! Remember, a picture is worth a thousand words!

Citations: Schmutz et al 2003 , Dreger and Schmutz 2010 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/masks.html

K Locus (Dominant Black)
kyky
Chromosome 16

Causes a dominant black coat. Dogs with a dominant KB allele have black coats regardless of their genotype at the A locus; the coat color of dogs homozygous for the recessive ky allele are controlled by A locus. Alleles: KB > ky

Citations: Candille et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/black.htm

A Locus (Agouti)
aya or ayat
Chromosome 24

Determines whether hair pigment is produced in a banded red and black pattern or solid black. Fawn or sable (ay) is dominant to wolf sable (aw) which is dominant to black-and-tan (at), which is in turn dominant to recessive black (a).

Citations: Berryere et al 2005 , Dreger and Schmutz 2011 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/tan.html

D Locus (Dilute)
Dd
Chromosome 25

Lightens a black coat to blue and a red coat to buff. A dilute phenotype requires two copies of the recessive d allele.

Citations: Drogemuller et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/dilutes.html

B Locus (Brown/Chocolate/Liver)
Bb
Chromosome 11

Lightens a black coat to brown, chocolate or liver. The brown phenotype requires two copies of the recessive b allele. Red or cream dogs that carry two b alleles remain red or cream but have brown noses and footpads.

Citations: Schmutz et al 2002

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/liver.html

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genetic loci explain the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

For more information on the genetics of coat types you can refer to https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Traits genotype:

Long Haircoat (FGF5)
GG
Chromosome 32

Confers a long, silky haircoat as observed in the Yorkshire Terrier and the Long Haired Whippet. The "T" allele is associated with longer hair.

Citations: Housley & Venta 2006 , Cadieu et al 2010

Shedding (MC5R)
TT
Chromosome 1

Affects shedding propensity in non-wire-haired dogs. Dogs with the ancestral C allele, like many Labradors and German Shepherd Dogs, are heavy or seasonal shedders, while those with one or more T allele, including many Boxers, Shih Tzus and Chihuahuas, tend to be low shedders. Dogs with furnished/wire-haired coats tend to be low shedders regardless of their MC5R genotype.

Citations: Hayward et al 2016

Curly Coat (KRT71)
CC
Chromosome 27

Causes the curly coat characteristic of Poodles and Bichons Frises. Dogs need at least one copy of the "T" allele to have a curly coat.

Citations: Cadieu et al 2010

Other Body Features

Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Chromosome 32

Affects skull size and shape. Many brachycephalic or "smushed face” breeds such as the English Bulldog, Pug, and Pekingese have two copies of the derived A allele. Mesocephalic (Staffordshire Terrier, Labrador) and dolichocephalic (Whippet, Collie) dogs have one, or more commonly two, copies of the ancestral C allele. At least five different genes affect snout length in dogs, with BMP3 being the only one with a known causal mutation. For example, the skull shape of some breeds, including the dolichocephalic Scottish Terrier or the brachycephalic Japanese Chin, appear to be caused by other genes.

Citations: Schoenbeck et al 2012

Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Chromosome 16

Common in certain breeds, hind dewclaws are extra, nonfunctional digits located midway between your dog's paw and hock. Dogs with at least one copy of the T allele have about a 50% of chance of having hind dewclaws.

Citations: Park et al 2008

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Some other Embark dogs with this Body Size genotype:

Body Size - IGF1
NN
Chromosome 15

The "I" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Sutter et al 2007

Body Size - IGF1R
GG
Chromosome 3

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Hoopes et al 2012

Body Size - STC2
TT
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Body Size - GHR (E195K)
GG
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Body Size - GHR (P177L)
CC
Chromosome 4

The "T" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG
Chromosome 10

Confers hypoxia tolerance. Dogs with at least one A allele are more tolerant of high altitude environments. This mutation was originally identified in breeds from high altitude areas such as the Tibetan Mastiff.

Citations: Gou et al 2014

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Jelly Bean’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Jelly Bean.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Jelly Bean’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Jelly Bean’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Jelly Bean’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Jelly Bean find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit

Summary

0
AT RISK
0
CARRIER
156
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical traits

These genetic traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Low Normal
Known to be highly expressed in liver cells, activity levels of alanine aminotransferase, or ALT, is a common value on most blood chemistry panels and is known to be a se…
Jelly Bean has one copy of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Jelly Be…

Not At Risk

Good news! Jelly Bean did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for. Read on to learn more about the conditions we test for, but rest assured that Jelly Bean does not have the mutations known to cause them.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Jelly Bean’s diagnosis and treatment if she gets sick in the future. Many other diseases caused by environmental factors or undiscovered genetic variants can cause symptoms similar to diseases we test for. By ruling out these mutations, your veterinarian will be able to find the true cause more quickly. Your veterinarian will also know they can safely prescribe medications some dogs are sensitive to.

Not A Carrier

Good news! Jelly Bean is not a carrier for any of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Common conditions

Good news! Jelly Bean tested clear for 15 genetic conditions that are common in her breed mix.
Condition List

Multidrug Sensitivity
(MDR1)
Clinical

Sensitivity to certain classes of drugs, notably the parasiticide ivermectin, as well as certain gastroprotectant and anti-cancer medications, occurs in dogs with mutatio…

Seen in Chow Chows, German Shepherd Dogs, but not Jelly Bean.

Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A
(F8 Exon 11, Shepherd Variant 1)
Blood

Coagulopathies represent a broad category of diseases that affect blood clotting, which can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies a…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Jelly Bean.

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type III
(FERMT3)
Blood

A rare disorder of white blood cells, this causes increased susceptibility to infections and bleeding tendencies. Affected dogs present with a history of persistent skin …

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Jelly Bean.

Canine Elliptocytosis
(SPTB Exon 30)
Blood

A largely benign disease of red blood cell shape, elliptocytosis rarely causes symptoms. Upon examinatino of a blood smear, however, affected dogs have elongated, oval or…

Seen in Chow Chows, but not Jelly Bean.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
Cone-rod dystrophy 1, crd1 (PDE6B)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, nonpainful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are th…

Seen in Staffordshire Terriers, but not Jelly Bean.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
Cone-rod dystrophy 2, crd2 (IQCB1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, nonpainful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are th…

Seen in Staffordshire Terriers, but not Jelly Bean.

Hereditary Cataracts, Early-Onset Cataracts, Juvenile Cataracts
(HSF4 Exon 9 Boston Terrier Variant)
Eyes

One of the leading causes of blindness in dogs (and humans!), cataracts are a progressive disease of the lens that causes functional blindness, but can be surgically corr…

Seen in Staffordshire Terriers, but not Jelly Bean.

Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia or Urolithiasis
(SLC2A9)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes kidney and bladder stones composed of urate; if caught early, it is responsive to dietary management. Uric acid is an intermediate of purine metabol…

Seen in Staffordshire Terriers, German Shepherd Dogs, but not Jelly Bean.

X-linked Ectodermal Dysplasia, Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia
(EDA Intron 8)
Multisystem

This developmental condition can cause a scanty haircoat, malformed teeth, and few or absent sweat glands. Because dogs only have sweat glands on their paw pads, they are…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Jelly Bean.

Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis (RCND)
(FLCN Exon 7)
Multisystem

A multiorgan syndrome best described in the German Shepherd Dog, affected dogs display thick skin nodules and signs of kidney disease, and should be evaluated by a veteri…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Jelly Bean.

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome
(GUSB Exon 3)
Multisystem

A type of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause skeletal abnormalities, growth retardation, and gait abnormalities, and can require close monitoring and special measu…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Jelly Bean.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1
(ARSG Exon 2)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Staffordshire Terriers, but not Jelly Bean.

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in Staffordshire Terriers, Chow Chows, German Shepherd Dogs, Doberman Pinschers, but not Jelly Bean.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy
(PDK4)
Heart

The most common acquired heart disease of dogs, this is a progressive disease of the heart ventricles: early diagnosis and treatment is key. The ventricles are the heavil…

Seen in Doberman Pinschers, but not Jelly Bean.

Imerslund-Grasbeck Syndrome, Selective Cobalamin Malabsorption
(CUBN Exon 8)
Gastro-intestinal

This is a treatable gastrointestinal disease where dogs cannot absorb cobalamin, often causing them to be runty with poor energy levels. Cobalamin is required for synthes…

Seen in Staffordshire Terriers, but not Jelly Bean.

Other Conditions: Clear of 141

Jelly Bean is clear of 141 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Jelly Bean’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about the dog breeds related to the breeds found in Jelly Bean.

Maternal Line

>
Through the DNA inherited from Jelly Bean’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Jelly Bean’s family has traveled.

Let us know and we will contact Jelly Bean’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Jelly Bean find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Learn more Order kit