This is a Brain and Spinal Cord condition.


What is Narcolepsy?

A neurologic condition characterized by daytime sleepiness and fragmented sleep cycles, affected dogs also exhibit episodes of cataplexy, a sudden complete loss of muscle tone in response to strong positive emotions. All known genetic mutations for canine narcolepsy lie in the Hypocretin receptor 2 (HCRTR2) gene. Hypocretin is a neurotransmitter involved in the regulation of appetite, arousal, and wakefulness.

What are the signs & symptoms that develop in affected dogs?

Other than their irregular sleep cycles and tendency to collapse when excited, narcoleptic dogs are perfectly normal dogs.

When do signs and symptoms develop?

Signs are first apparent between 1-6 months of age.

How do vets diagnose this condition?

Genetic testing and clinical signs are used to diagnose this disease.

How is this condition treated?

Affected dogs enjoy a normal lifespan and quality of life with no treatment.

What actions should I take if my dog is affected?

  • Most owners with narcoleptic dogs try to keep their dogs from becoming regularly overstimulated.
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