This is a Kidney and Bladder condition.

Cystinuria Type II-A

What is Cystinuria Type II-A?

A disease of cystine accumulation, affected dogs are prone to developing cystine kidney and bladder stones. Fortunately, dogs with cystinuria maintain perfectly normal blood concentrations of cystine (unlike humans), and do not experience any ill effects from their disease besides stones.

What are the signs & symptoms that develop in affected dogs?

Affected dogs will show no clinical signs of disease in the early stages. As stones form, dogs will often urinate more frequently, urinate in inappropriate places, and possibly have blood in their urine. If a urinary obstruction forms, they are unable to urinate despite frequent straining. This is a medical emergency.

When do signs and symptoms develop?

Signs typically develop in adult dogs when stones have had the chance to develop.

How do vets diagnose this condition?

Genetic and laboratory testing are used to diagnose this condition.

How is this condition treated?

If caught early, Cystinuria can be managed with dietary changes, increased water intake, and certain medications. If stones develop, surgical removal is often necessary.

What actions should I take if my dog is affected?

  • Regular veterinary visits and laboratory testing will be vital to catching this disease in any early stage where it can be more easily managed.
  • Closely monitor your dog for changes in their drinking and urination patterns.
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