Originally used for driving cattle and protecting valuable convoys, Rottweilers are now popular family pets as well as effective guard, police, and military working dogs.
Illustration courtesy of the Swedish Kennel Club
About the Rottweiler
Descended from ancient Roman Molosser-type dogs, the Rottweiler is one of the oldest working breeds. In Germany, where the breed was developed, Rottweilers were especially useful for guarding valuable shipments as well as driving cattle and other livestock. With the advent of railroads, the breed almost became extinct by the end of the 19th century, but is now one of the most popular breeds in the United States and abroad.
Because Rottweilers are protective, these loving and loyal dogs can also show aggression if not properly socialized and trained. With proper training, however, they are not only great family dogs and household protectors, but also suitable for police and military work. Intelligent, energetic and loving, these dogs need exercise and stimulation (as well as cuddles). They have a short, high-shedding coat and a high tendency of drooling. Rottweilers are at risk of certain health conditions, such as hip dysplasia and bone cancer, and they are susceptible to parvovirus.
Rottweilers on Embark
Explore some Embark dogs that share Rottweiler ancestry.