Traits

Learn why your dog is unique, from the tip of the nose to the shape of the toes—plus everything in-between.

Coat Color


E Locus (Mask/Grizzle/Red) | A Locus (Agouti) | K Locus (Dominant Black) | D Locus (Dilute) | B Locus (Brown/Chocolate/Liver)

A number of genetic loci are known to affect coat color in dogs—they all interact and in some cases other unknown genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

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Coat Traits


Furnishings / Improper Coat (RSPO2) | Long Haircoat (FGF5) | Shedding (MC5R) | Curly Coat (KRT71)

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genetic loci explain the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

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Body Features


Brachycephaly (BMP3) | Natural Bobtail (T) | Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)

We are discovering the genetic basis for an increasing number of other body features, including dew claws and the shape of a dog’s head. Take our surveys to help us make new discoveries!

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Performance


Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)

Physical performance traits are interesting for all dogs, especially those that want to perform in more strenuous environments.

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Genetic Diversity


Inbreeding Coefficient | MHC Class II - DLA DRB1 | MHC Class II - DLA DQA1 and DQB1

Diversity of the maternal and paternal haplotypes in the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) region of the genome has been found in some studies to be associated with the incidence of certain autoimmune diseases. Dogs that have less diversity in the MHC region haplotypes—i.e. the Dog Leukocyte Antigen (DLA) inherited from the mother is similar to the DLA inherited from the father—are considered less immunologically diverse.

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Body Size


IGF1 | IGF1R | STC2 | GHR (E195K) | GHR (P177L)

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size.

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Give your dog a trait

Where other tests just tell you the breeds in your dog, Embark actually looks at the genetic basis of appearance to explain why your dog looks like your dog. See how closely your dog resembles other Embark dogs with the same trait genes, even if their breed mix is different! These traits can even help you guess what your dog’s offspring might look like if they have puppies.

 

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