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This is a Skeletal condition.

Disproportionate Dwarfism

What is Disproportionate Dwarfism?

This disease is characterized by the abnormal growth, development, and remodeling of bones and cartilage. Disproportionate dwarfism involves relative length alterations of the limbs and changes in body proportions which may be visible as short limbs when compared to body length and/or as an enlarged head.

What are the signs & symptoms that develop in affected dogs?

Affected dogs may display mild to severe disproportionate dwarfism. Limb shortening with increased angular deformities (e.g., outward turning of the paws), gait abnormalities, a relatively broad face, and an upward-turned nose may be observed.

When do signs and symptoms develop?

Limb deformities become evident at a few months of age. Facial and body deformities may not be recognizable until early adulthood.

How do vets diagnose this condition?

A diagnosis is made based on clinical examination, X-rays, and genetic testing.

How is this condition treated?

There is no recommended treatment for dwarfism. Secondary mobility or arthritic changes may need to be managed.

What actions should I take if my dog is affected?

  • This condition itself is not typically regarded as painful, but ramps or stairs may be needed to assist affected dogs.
  • Arthritis may occur with this type of dwarfism. Speak with your veterinarian regarding signs of arthritis, pain management, and/or supplement administration, especially in advanced age.
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