Brain and Spinal Cord

Leukodystrophy refers to progressive disorders of the cells that provide support, protection, and insulation to the nerve cells (neurons). This results in lesions in the brain. Destruction of initially normal tissues is a characteristic feature of leukodystrophies.

  • Signs and symptoms

    Clinical signs occurring shortly after birth or starting at an age of under four weeks include excessive whining and crying, an exaggerated abnormal gait, difficulty swallowing, head tilt, circling, seizures, and downward pointing of the eyes.

    Affected puppies are initially normal and develop progressive neurological signs shortly after birth or starting at an age of under four weeks.

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  • Diagnosis

    The clinical course of the disease, genetic testing, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be used in conjunction to diagnose Leukodystrophy.

  • Treatment

    There is no cure for Leukodystrophy; all currently available treatments are symptomatic or supportive in nature.

  • What to do if your dog is at risk


    • Please give your dog any medication as prescribed by your veterinarian.
    • Keeping your affected dog comfortable at home is the best therapy you can provide.
    • Slings can be used to assist with their mobility, and caution should be taken to avoid falling hazards.

  • Genetic Information

    This variant was first described in Standard Schnauzers.

    The proposed variant for Leukodystrophy is recessive, that is, a dog requires two copies of the variant to show signs of the disease from the variant.

    Gene names:

    TSEN54 Exon 5 ‐ chr

    Inheritance type:


  • Breeds affected

    This health condition affects the following breeds

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