What are the signs & symptoms that develop in affected dogs?
This is a progressive muscle disease characterized by non-painful muscle weakness and wasting, especially over their back and legs. Dogs eventually have difficulty walking, swallowing, and breathing.
When do signs and symptoms develop?
Signs are often first apparent at 1-3 months of age.
How do vets diagnose this condition?
Genetic testing, clinical signs, and muscle biopsy can be used to diagnose this disorder.
How is this condition treated?
Current treatments for muscular dystrophy include steroid treatment, which can slow the progression of the disease, but there is currently no cure. However, much research has gone into gene therapy: researchers have recently demonstrated that supplementing the defective dystrophin gene of a dog with MD with a new, smaller form of dystrophin (known as microdystrophin) can fully substitute for full-sized dystrophin.