Signalment & History
- Spayed female
- Doberman pinscher
- History of food allergies. Eats Royal Canin Rabbit and Sweet Potato kibble.
- Owner noticed that this dog was panting at odd times.
- Temp: 100.8 F; Pulse: 75 bpm; Respiration: 25/min; MM: pink/moist CRT: <2 sec; BCS: 4/9; Eyes: wnl; Ears: wnl; Mouth: wnl; LN’s: wnl; Cardio: wnl; Resp: wnl; Abd: wnl; GI: wnl; MS: wnl; CNS: wnl; Weight: 75 lbs (34 kg)
- Radiographs showed enlarged cardiac silhouette with dorsal displacement of the thoracic trachea and lateral displacement of the mainstem bronchi (“cowboy legs”). Increased sternal contact of the cardiac silhouette.
- Referred to cardiologist for echocardiogram.
- Consult with Royal Canin veterinarian to see if the diet is exacerbating.
- DCM confirmed through echo and EKG. Royal Canin consult led them to conclude the diet did not contribute to the development of DCM. This dog remains on this former diet for her food allergy.
- Understanding the risk of DCM in Dobermans through genetic screening can tailor monitoring plans and diet recommendations. When caught early, DCM is more readily managed and the affected dog’s quality of life and overall longevity can be improved.
- DCM is a complex disease:
- Two known variants associated with disease (DCM1 and DCM2)
- Some Doberman Pinschers with cardiologist-confirmed DCM lack either mutation
- Significance of these mutations in other breeds is of unknown significance (low-risk)
- DCM in other breeds might be due to nutrition or other genetic/epigenetic causes
- Meurs KM, Stern JA, Adin D, Keene BW, De Francesco TC, Tou SP. Assessment of PDK4 and TTN gene variants in 48 Doberman Pinschers with dilated cardiomyopathy. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2020 Nov 15;257(10):1041-1044. doi: 10.2460/javma.2020.257.10.1041. PMID: 33135971.
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