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Other Systems

This is a Other Systems condition.

Enamel Hypoplasia

What is Enamel Hypoplasia?

A disease of the tooth enamel production, affected dogs have characteristic small, pointy teeth that discolor rapidly. Amelogenesis is the formation and deposition of enamel, a hard, impenetrable substance which protects teeth from acid and traumatic degradation. In the young dog, specialized cells called ameloblasts gather over the developing tooth and deposit enamel. Ameloblasts are left behind in the tooth socket as soon as a tooth erupts, which is why enamel does not renew with time. In ARAI, a defect in enamel production leads uneven enamel laydown, leading to yellowing of the underlying tooth. Teeth are also unusually small and pointy with large gaps between them. Dogs may be prone to more dental disease with this condition and should be brought to the vet for regular dental checkups.

What are the signs & symptoms that develop in affected dogs?

You may notice your affected dog has small, pointy, discolored teeth with large gaps between them.

When do signs and symptoms develop?

Signs can first be recognized in young dogs, but may become more noticeable as the dog ages.

How do vets diagnose this condition?

Genetic testing and clinical signs are used to diagnose this disease.

How is this condition treated?

There is no treatment except for regular monitoring by your veterinarian and routine dental care.

What actions should I take if my dog is affected?

Follow your veterinarian's advice regarding dental care including regular brushing with dog specific toothpaste.

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