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This is a Kidney and Bladder condition.

Xanthine Urolithiasis

What is Xanthine Urolithiasis?

Hereditary Xanthinuria is a rare cause of urinary disease and can lead to bladder stones and secondary kidney injury.

What are the signs & symptoms that develop in affected dogs?

Affected dogs may strain to urinate, urinate small amounts frequently, have blood in their urine, or be unable to urinate at all (a medical emergency).

When do signs and symptoms develop?

Signs typically develop in early life, although dogs can be diagnosed at any age. Most dogs have been diagnosed with this condition by five years of age.

How do vets diagnose this condition?

A veterinarian may use a combination of diagnostic tests, including blood work, urinalysis, ultrasound, and stone analysis.

How is this condition treated?

If the affected dog has xanthine stones in the bladder, they may need to be surgically removed. Prescription diets are typically required for lifelong care and to prevent further stones from forming.

What actions should I take if my dog is affected?

  • Please consult your veterinarian for appropriate diagnostics, treatment, and management options.
  • Make sure to feed your dog according to your veterinarian’s recommendations.
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