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Integument

This is a skin & connective tissue condition.

Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA

What is OCA2?

Caused by a failure of melanin synthesis, oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is characterized by lack of pigment of the eyes, skin, and hair.

What are the signs & symptoms that develop in affected dogs?

Besides their lack of pigment, albino pups can sometimes suffer visual deficits due to lack of pigment in the eyes (which help direct and absorb ambient light) and their unhaired areas are prone to sunburn.

When do signs and symptoms develop?

Signs are often first recognized in puppies.

How do vets diagnose this condition?

Genetic testing and clinical signs can be used to diagnose this condition.

How is this condition treated?

There is no treatment for this condition.

What actions should I take if my dog is affected?

  • Keep your affected dog protected from the sun, and support visually impaired dogs by keeping them on a leash in unfamiliar territory and teaching them verbal commands.