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Urinary

This is a Kidney and Bladder condition.

Polycystic Kidney Disease, PKD

What is PKD?

Cysts are abnormal, fluid filled structures that arise from the kidney cells themselves. As they grow, they take up functional space within the kidney leading to a progressive loss of kidney function.

What are the signs & symptoms that develop in affected dogs?

You may notice your dog has abdominal pain and is drinking and urinating excessively. Severe loss of kidney function is characterized by vomiting, lethargy, neurologic behavior, and the inability to produce urine (anuria).

When do signs and symptoms develop?

PKD has an adult onset.

How do vets diagnose this condition?

Genetic and laboratory testing are used to diagnose this condition. An abdominal ultrasound can visualize the cysts in the kidneys.

How is this condition treated?

There is no treatment for PKD. Management of the kidney disease includes giving a prescription diet, supplemental fluids, and medications to control the symptoms.

What actions should I take if my dog is affected?

  • Regular veterinary visits and laboratory testing will be vital to catching this disease in any early stage where it can be more easily managed.
  • Closely monitor your dog for changes in their drinking and urination patterns.