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Urinary

This is a Kidney and Bladder condition.

Polycystic Kidney Disease, PKD

What is PKD?

This adult-onset disease causes progressive loss of kidney function. Cysts are abnormal, fluid filled structures that arise from the kidney cells themselves. As they grow, they take up functional space within the kidney. Signs of PKD are reflective of the cysts expanding: the kidney capsule is stretched, leading to severe abdominal pain, and kidney function is compromised. You may notice your dog drinking and urinating excessively. Severe loss of kidney function is characterized by vomiting, lethargy, neurologic behavior, and the inability to produce urine (anuria).

What are the signs & symptoms that develop in affected dogs?

You may notice your dog has abdominal pain and is drinking and urinating excessively. Severe loss of kidney function is characterized by vomiting, lethargy, neurologic behavior, and the inability to produce urine (anuria).

When do signs and symptoms develop?

PKD has an adult onset.

How do vets diagnose this condition?

Genetic and laboratory testing are used to diagnose this condition. An abdominal ultrasound can visualize the cysts in the kidneys.

How is this condition treated?

There is no treatment for PKD. Management of the kidney disease includes giving a prescription diet, supplemental fluids, and medications to control the symptoms.

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