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Hematologic

This is a Blood condition.

Factor VII Deficiency

What is Factor VII Deficiency?

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding during veterinary procedures; your veterinarian should be informed so that appropriate blood products are at hand in case a transfusion is required. Affected dogs may also require close monitoring during their daily lives. If informed of your dog's condition early, you and your veterinarian can discuss precautionary measures now.

What are the signs & symptoms that develop in affected dogs?

Affected dogs bruise easily and excessively bleed from small wounds. Affected puppies may bleed excessively from their mouth when teething. A subset of dogs that test positive for Factor VII deficiency appear perfectly normal.

When do signs and symptoms develop?

This disease is typically diagnosed in puppies or young adults when they are spayed or neutered and have a problem with clotting. However, it can be diagnosed at any age.

How do vets diagnose this condition?

Factor VII deficiency is diagnosed through genetic testing and blood testing at a laboratory. Veterinarians may also nick a dog’s lip with a sterile needle and time how long it takes for clotting to occur.

How is this condition treated?

Factor VII deficiency cannot be treated, only managed. If your dog requires surgery, your veterinarian should be warned that excessive bleeding may occur and blood products need to be on hand in case a transfusion is required.

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