Goldendoodles make wonderful pets because they are intelligent, playful, and adorable. They are generally very social and loyal. They are considered friendly to other animals and don’t bark excessively, adding to their easygoing reputation.
Goldendoodles are a hybrid or crossbreed dog. They are a combination of Golden Retrievers and Poodles and have inherited traits from both parent breeds. They were first bred in the late 1990s following the popular hybrid breeds of Cockapoos and Labradoodles, and dog lovers have made Goldendoodles a popular choice ever since.
Their smarts and endearing nature have given them success as guide dogs, therapy dogs, and service dogs which include tasks such as scent dogs for people with allergies to peanuts, bringing comfort and companionship to the elderly or hospital patients, or as comfort animals to help anxiety. They are not very good watchdogs, however, as they tend to love everyone and are not barkers.
If you have a Goldendoodle or are thinking of making one part of your family, Embark has information on care and training for your pup. You can also explore the benefits of dog DNA testing, which can help you discover genetic health risks for this breed mix.
Size: One of the Goldendoodle’s most unique features is that they do not have a standard look or size, unlike most purebreds. Their height, weight, coloring, and coat texture vary from dog to dog depending on their particular bloodline. This is also linked with filial generations.
You may have heard of filial generations with terms like F1 and F2, which describes different generations of dogs. F1 for example means that it is the first generation “filial,” or crossbred between a Golden Retriever and a Poodle. F2 Goldendoodles, meanwhile, are bred from two hybrid F1 dogs. If you’ve heard of F1B, the “b” stands for “backcross.” This means an F1 Goldendoodle was bred with a 100% poodle. The type of filial generation can affect a Goldendoodle’s physical traits.
Regarding their size, Goldendoodles may be Miniature, Small Standard, and Large Standard. A Miniature Goldendoodle is bred from a Toy Poodle and will be 13 to 20 inches tall and weigh between 15 and 35 pounds. A Small Standard Goldendoodle will range from 17 to 20 inches tall and weigh 40 to 50 pounds. The Large Standard, meanwhile, which is bred from a Standard Poodle, will be 20 to 24 inches tall and weigh 50 to 90 pounds.
Coat: Despite being called Goldendoodles, their coats come in a variety of colors including black, brown, cream, honey, and red shades. Their coat varies in texture depending on their parentage. Some Goldendoodles inherit a curly coat from their Poodle parent, and others have longer, wavier fur from their Golden Retriever parent. Different gene mutations — like RSPO2, FGF5, and KRT71 — can also affect a dog’s coat.
The curlier varieties may be suitable for pup parents with allergies because they don’t shed much, a trait derived from their Poodle parent. All Groodles need regular grooming to keep mats and knots tamed and their vision unobstructed.
All dogs should be fed food of the highest quality you can provide. Goldendoodles do better with several small meals throughout the day because they can suffer from bloating if they eat too fast as they may with fewer large meals. The amount they eat varies more than other breeds because they range in size, so consult your breeder or veterinarian regarding your Goldendoodle’s nutritional needs.
Grooming and shedding
Goldendoodles have varying grooming requirements since their coats vary from dog to dog. They require brushing to avoid knots and mats, but how frequently they’ll need to be brushed depends on your Groodle’s coat. If their fur is curlier from their Poodle genes, frequent brushing is needed to avoid matting. This varies from a straighter coat, which can be easier to keep tame. Their hair can grow into their eyes, so you’ll need to make sure that isn’t affecting your dog’s vision or rubbing on their eyes. Some pet parents like to clip their Goldendoodle’s coat short all over, especially in warm weather. They are prone to dry, itchy skin, so avoid bathing them too often.
All dogs need regular ear cleaning, but if your Goldendoodle goes swimming, pay particular attention to avoid ear infections. Cleaning the outer ear with a gentle, pH-balanced canine ear cleanser may help prevent infections. You should also watch for any redness or inflammation while grooming to spot any issues early on.
As with all dogs, you should brush your Goldendoodle’s teeth regularly to prevent tartar buildup and tooth decay. Start early with canine dental care to ensure your pup is used to it.
Playtime and training
Goldendoodles (sometimes called Groodles) are very trainable and are not aggressive, but they need early socialization to avoid fearful behaviors. They love to play and are relaxed with kids. Although as with any dog, both children and the dog need socialization, training, and supervision. Goldendoodles are very obedient with proper training, though they may tend towards the mischievous depending on their particular genetics. They love games of all kinds and adore swimming. Introducing your Goldendoodle to plenty of people and places as a puppy helps their happy-go-lucky nature override timidity. Puppy classes and training can help with socialization, too.
They can suffer from separation anxiety, so routines are vital to Goldendoodles. Using a crate, leaving music on, and providing treats and toys will distract them from your absence, but Goldendoodles thrive most when they aren’t alone too often.
Health and aging in Goldendoodles
Goldendoodles are generally healthy and live up to 15 years. However, every breed is susceptible to specific health issues.
You should talk to your veterinarian about any of the following:
- Atopic dermatitis (eczema) caused by environmental allergens
- Hip dysplasia, which may cause pain and arthritis
- Progressive retinal atrophy, causing night blindness and then deteriorating sight even in daylight
- Von Willebrand Disease, a blood clotting disorder
- Ear infections
- Patella luxation, or simply put, kneecap dislocation
- Allergies to food, topical substances (shampoos, bedding, flea medication), or environmental allergies (pollen, dust, and mold)
- Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV), a condition that causes gastric torsion from eating or drinking large amounts quickly
An Embark Dog DNA test will help detect specific genetic health risks your Goldendoodle may have.
DNA tests can check for the following breed-specific conditions in Goldendoodles:
Did you know?
75% of dogs are either at risk for or a carrier of a genetic disease. Embark Dog DNA Tests screen for over 210+ genetic health risks so you can give your dog the proactive care they deserve.